Trac Installation Guide
The Trac web-based project management tool is implemented as a CGI- or standalone program. Trac is written in the Python programming language
and uses the SQLite embedded database for persistant storage. For HTML rendering, Trac uses the Clearsilver template system.
To install Trac, the following software packages must be installed:
- Python, version >= 2.1 (>=2.3 recommended).
- Please keep in mind, that for RPM-based systems you will also need python-devel and python-xml packages.
- Subversion, version >= 1.0. (>=1.1 recommended)
- Subversion Python bindings (Caveat: Trac uses the SWIG bindings included in the Subversion distribution, not the PySVN package!)
- SQLite, version 2.8.x or 3.0.x
- PySQLite, version >= 0.5 but < 1.1.0 (for SQLite 2.8.x), version >= 1.1.1 (for SQLite 3.0.x)
- Clearsilver, version >= 0.9.3
- docutils, version >= 0.3.3 (??)
- A CGI-capable web server (tested on Apache )
Like most Python programs, install the Trac python modules by running the following command at the top of the source directory:
$ python ./setup.py install
This will byte-compile the python source code and install it in the site-packages directory
of your python installation. The directories cgi-bin, templates, htdocs and wiki-default are all copied to $prefix/share/trac/ .
The script will also install the trac-admin command-line tool, used to create and maintain project environments.
The trac-admin program is the control center for Trac.
Note: you'll need root permissions or equivalent for this step.
For more information on installing Trac on specific platforms, see the TracInstallPlatforms page (on the main project web site).
To install Trac in a custom location, and view other advanced install options, run:
$ python ./setup.py --help
Creating a Project Environment
TracEnvironment is the backend storage format where Trac stores
information like wiki pages, tickets, reports, settings, etc.
An environment consist of a directory containing an SQLite database,
human-readable configuration file, log-files and attachments.
A new Trac environment is created using trac-admin, like:
$ trac-admin /path/to/projectenv initenv
trac-admin will ask you where your subversion repository is located and
where it can find the trac templates directory (the default value should work for a typical install).
Note: The web server user will require file system write permission to the environment
directory and all the files inside. Remember to set the appropriate permissions.
The same applies for the subversion repository files (unless using the FSFS Subversion backend, something we highly recommend.
Make "trac/cgi-bin/trac.cgi" accessible to your web server at /cgi-bin/, either by copying/symlinking or use the "trac/cgi-bin/" directory directly.
Edit the apache config and add this snippet, filenames edited to match your installation:
Alias /trac/ "/usr/share/trac/htdocs/" #or where you installed the trac htdocs
#You have to allow people to read the files in htdocs
Options Indexes MultiViews
Allow from all
# Trac need to know where the database is located
SetEnv TRAC_ENV "/path/to/projectenv"
# You need this to allow users to authenticate
# trac.htpasswd can be created with
# cmd 'htpasswd -c trac.htpasswd' (UNIX)
# do 'man htpasswd' to see all the options
Note: If Apache complains about the Set'Env line make sure you have the Load'Module for mod_env uncommented (Apache 1.3).
Note: When creating a new environment, trac-admin will print a config snippet customized for your project.
Note: If you are using Apache suEXEC feature see ApacheSuexec (on the project web site).
Congratulations''' You should now have a running Trac installation at:
You should be able to browse your subversion repository, create tickets,
view the timeline and use all the features of Trac.
Keep in mind that anonymous users (not logged in) can only access a restricted subset of all Trac features by default.
Note: If you don't want long, and relatively ugly, URLs, you can prettify them by changing your Apache config. See TracPrettyUrls (on the project website).
Please continue to TracPermissions to learn how to grant additional privileges to authenticated users.
For user documentation, see TracGuide.
The Trac Team
See also: TracGuide, TracUpgrade, TracPermissions, TracInstallPlatforms, TracModPython